Abstracts

Report Summary: Safeguarding Humanitarian Action in Sanctions Regimes

In Safeguarding Humanitarian Access in Sanctions Regimes Alice Debarre of the International Peace Institute argues that although sanctions regimes are used with the assumption that they minimize harm, they actually can devastate civilian populations, particularly those that rely on humanitarian aid, including refugees and internally displaced persons. Sanctions regimes also affect humanitarian organizations’ ability to deliver aid on the basis of need alone and not be directed by the political objectives

2019-07-19T10:46:17-04:00July 9th, 2019|Abstracts, Humanitarian Safeguards|

Summary: Does the FATF Help or Hinder Financial Inclusion? A Study of FATF Mutual Evaluations

In Does the FATF Help or Hinder Financial Inclusion? Mike Pisa of the Center for Global Development examines whether the Financial Action Task Force’s (FATF) Risk Based Assessment (RBA) approach helps developing countries implement its anti-money laundering (AML) and countering the financing of terrorism (CFT) standards without increasing financial exclusion. The report includes nonprofit organizations (NPOs) among entities facing challenges with access to the financial system. It finds that in some instances,

2019-07-19T08:55:09-04:00June 10th, 2019|Abstracts, Financial Action Task Force|

Abstract: Safeguarding Medical Care and Humanitarian Action in the UN Counterterrorism Framework

In her report Safeguarding Medical Care and Humanitarian Action in the UN Counterterrorism Framework, Alice Debarre poses the question of how UN and UN member state counterterrorism frameworks affect and interact with International Humanitarian Law (IHL). She does this through exploring what prevents IHL and counterterrorism frameworks from working together, specifically the principle of impartiality, which is significantly complicated by the lack of consensus on a definition for terrorism, terrorist act, or

2019-07-22T09:20:16-04:00April 15th, 2019|Abstracts, Counterterrorism and Human Rights|

Abstract: Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism

In Untangling a Marriage of Convenience: Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism, authors Tracey Durner and Danielle Cotter argue that, although anti-money laundering (AML) and countering the financing of terrorism (CFT) efforts have much in common, this melding places “undue burden on the private sector to understand the intent of criminals behind the actual transactions.” Some even contend that “misguided” CFT policies are leading to ineffective, and perhaps

CGD Report Takes Stock of the Current State of Derisking

Over the past three years, progress has been made with the problem of derisking and the situation has stabilized so that no country is at risk of losing access to international payments services. At the same time, the problem has not yet been resolved, according to a report from the Center for Global Development(CGD), Policy Responses to De-Risking: Progress Report on the CGD Working Group's 2015 Recommendations. Three years ago,

2019-06-14T02:21:54-04:00November 1st, 2018|Abstracts, Financial Access, Litigation|

Report: UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Warns of “Chilling Effect” on Humanitarian Aid

A UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights has criticized counter-terrorism laws for imposing “chilling effects on the provision of humanitarian aid for people desperately in need of help.” Agnès Callamard, the UN Special Rapporteur of the Human Rights Council on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, released her report on August 7th 2018, entitled Saving Lives Is Not A Crime. The paper focuses on the criminalization of humanitarian services and

2019-06-14T02:23:07-04:00October 4th, 2018|Abstracts, Financial Access, Litigation|

GAO Report Builds Upon CSN Research on Financial Access for Nonprofits

In a study of implementing partners of U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and State Department humanitarian assistance projects in four high-risk countries—Syria, Somalia, Haiti and Kenya—the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) found that most experienced banking access challenges, including denials and delays of fund transfers, problems opening accounts, increased fees and an account closure. Read more The report, Humanitarian Assistance: USAID Should Improve Information Collection and Communication to

2019-06-14T02:26:20-04:00September 20th, 2018|Abstracts, Financial Access, Litigation|

Report: Nonprofits Face Steep Banking Obstacles with Work in Syria

A combination of US counter-terrorist financing law and international sanctions set the stage for humanitarian aid delivery challenges in Syria. On top of that, the largest Syrian banks are sanctioned by the various countries, including the US, and the banking system outside of government control has collapsed. The countries bordering Syria (Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan) present additional challenges in the form of regulatory requirements and financial systems. All of

2019-06-14T02:24:37-04:00September 17th, 2018|Abstracts, Financial Access, Litigation|

ODI’s Study of West Bank and Gaza Civil Society Finds “A Humanitarian Sector in Debt”

A paper published by the Humanitarian Policy Group of the Overseas Development Institute, A humanitarian sector in debt: Counter-terrorism, bank de-risking and financial access for NGOs in the West Bank and Gaza, reveals the crippling effects that bank derisking has had on local humanitarian and development organizations in the West Bank and Gaza. This study draws on findings from interviews conducted in 2017 - 2018 and investigates the various

2019-06-14T02:27:22-04:00September 11th, 2018|Abstracts, Financial Access, Litigation|

Examination of Bank Derisking in Four Countries Finds Common Themes

A series of case studies on the implications of bank de-risking for humanitarian non-governmental organizations in four contexts revealed a number of common themes and recommendations. These are set out in a policy brief, Counter-terrorism, bank de-risking and humanitarian response: a path forward. Read more As the brief explains, although preventing the flow of funds to terrorist groups is a laudable goal, these policies have had "far-reaching and unintended consequences, including

2019-06-14T02:28:57-04:00September 6th, 2018|Abstracts, Financial Access, Litigation|
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